The paper investigates a few of the major areas of the next generation technological advancement, "smart city planning concept". The areas that the paper focuses are vehicle to grid (V2G), sun to vehicle (S2V), and vehicle to infrastructure (V2I). For the bi-directional crowd energy single entity concept, V2G and building to grid (B2G) are the primary parts of distributed renewable generation(DRG) under smart living. This research includes an in-depth overview of this three major areas. Next, the research conducts a case analysis of V2G, S2V, and V2I along with their possible limitations in order to find out the novel solutions for future development both for academia and industry levels. Lastly, few possible solutions have been proposed to minimize the limitations and to develop the existing system for future expansion.
Keywords: Crowd energy, Distributed renewable, Smart city, Sun to vehicle (S2V), Vehicle to grid (V2G), Vehicle to infrastructure (V2I)
MD Shahrukh Adnan Khan, K. M. Kadir, K. S. Mahmood, Md. I. Alam, A. Kamal, Md. M. Al Bashir, Technical Investigation on V2G, S2V, and V2I for Next Generation Smart City Planning, Journal of Electronic Science and Technology, Vol. 17(4), pp. 300-316, 2019.
Technical Investigation of V2G, S2V & V2I for Next Generation Smart City Planning