Principal Investigator & Head of Research Cell:
Dr. MD Shahrukh Adnan Khan
Through the path of development, human has craved for more comfort, which leads to the seeking of knowledge and technologies. The current strategy of that path is the smart planet, and to achieve the smart planet we need to ensure smarter cities. A smart city consists of smart computational technologies that help it to monitor all of its infrastructure and residents, deal with any kind of crisis, and come up with positive outcomes. Moreover, smart cities ensure the participation of smart residents to drive economy and governance by creativity and entrepreneurship. The term, smart city, is used analogously to the intelligent city, city of the future, etc. and their definitions are more or less similar. According to Komninos, intelligent cities are "territories with high capacity for learning and innovation, which are built in the creativity of their population, their institutions of knowledge creation, and their digital infrastructure for communications and knowledge management". Whereas Hall defined a smart city as the city that monitors and integrate conditions of all of its critical infrastructure. According to International Business Machine (IBM), a smart city needs to be instrumented, interconnected, and intelligent. The focus of IBM to develop a smart city is to embed sensors and equipment in all sectors of life and form Internet of things (IoT) to control and monitor those equipment. This Cell conducts through research in different parts of the smart city and tries to provide a cost-effective feasible system in necessary segments.
The research investigates a few of the major areas of the next generation technological advancement, "smart city planning concept". The areas that the paper focuses are vehicle to grid (V2G), sun to vehicle (S2V), and vehicle to infrastructure (V2I). For the bi-directional crowd energy single entity concept, V2G and building to grid (B2G) are the primary parts of distributed renewable generation (DRG) under smart living. This research includes an in-depth overview of this three major areas. Next, the research conducts a case analysis of V2G, S2V, and V2I along with their possible limitations in order to find out the novel solutions for future development both for academia and industry levels. Lastly, few possible solutions have been proposed to minimize the limitations and to develop the existing system for future expansion.